Belarus ranks the third place in the world in terms of relative mortality caused by the effects of air pollution. The first place belongs to Ukraine, Russia ranks the fourth place.This is stated in a WHO report on air pollution.
According to the data of the World Health Organization, published in October 2016, the mortality ratio caused by the effects of air pollution in our country was 100 per 100.000 population (from 2010 to 2012). With this index Belarus ranks the third place in the world.
The first place in terms of relative mortality today belongs to Ukraine (120 deaths per 100 000 population), the second to Bulgaria (118 deaths per 100 000 population). Russia ranks the fourth place (98 deaths per 100 000 population).
In terms of absolute mortality, China is leading. In 2012 more than a million people died from air pollution there. In India (2nd position in the rating) – more than 620 thousand. In Russia – almost 141 thousand, and that’s the third position in the world’s rating. In comparison, 9450 people died from the effects of air pollution in Belarus, and in Ukraine – 54 507. At the same time, China still lags behind the countries of Eastern Europe in relative mortality – 76 people per 100 000 population.
According to the data of the World Health Organization, about 3 million deaths a year worldwide are connected with the exposure to contaminated air. 94% percent of these deaths are caused by non – communicable diseases, such as stroke, lung cancer, cardiovascular diseases. Air pollution also increases the risk of acute respiratory infections. The main sources of air pollution, according to WHO, are inefficient modes of transport, waste incineration, industry and coal-fired power plants.